Dynamic Properties of Antennal Responses to Pheromone in Two Moth Species

Kristine A. Justus, Ring T. Cardé, Andrew S. French
2005 Journal of Neurophysiology  
Dynamic properties of pheromone plumes are behaviorally important in some moths for inducing upwind flight, but little is known about the time-dependent properties of odor transduction or the mechanisms that limit receptor dynamic sensitivity. We stimulated male antennae of two moth species, Cadra cautella and Spodoptera exigua, with pheromone plumes in a wind tunnel while recording electroantennograms (EAG) and concentration of a surrogate plume (propylene, which mimics a pheromone plume)
more » ... a photoionization detector (PID). Turbulent plumes were produced by mechanical baffles, creating broad frequency range dynamic concentration changes at the antennae. Frequency response functions and coherence functions between PID and EAG signals were used to measure the dynamic responses of the two species to pheromone blends and individual components. A single time constant filter fitted the responses of both species, but S. exigua was about three times faster than C. cautella. Responses to individual pheromone components were significantly different in S. exigua but not in C. cautella. We also fitted the data with a simple blockstructured nonlinear cascade. This supported the simple filter model but also suggested that the response saturates at an early stage of chemotransduction.
doi:10.1152/jn.00888.2004 pmid:15537812 fatcat:anzv6hwvzzaphfsbbhi7lz3uzy