Effect of triethanolamine:ethylenediamine ratios on CuO nanoparticles prepared by ultrasound irradiation

M. T. M. Ayob, A. F. Ahmad, H. M. K. Mohd, I. Abdul Rahman, S. Radiman
Coral-spherical-shaped of copper oxide nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized with different ratios of triethanolamine:ethylenediamine surfactant under ultrasonic condition. By controlling the amplitude of the ultrasonic radiation and concentration of metal salt precursors and surfactant, the formation of CuO nanospheres was obtained. Energy dispersive X-ray spectrum confirmed that Cu and O are the only elementary components present with a ratio of approximately 1:1. Furthermore,
more » ... . Furthermore, X-ray powder diffraction spectra for all the examined ratios of CuO showed well crystalline structures. UV-Vis spectroscopy was utilized to estimate the band gap energies of the CuO nanoparticles produced, which were found to be in the range of 2.74 eV to 2.95 eV. The field emission scanning electron micrographs of these nanospheres showed that their dimensions were in the range of 5-30 nm. These results indicate that the triethanolamine:ethylenediamine ratio plays an important role in the formation of different sized CuO nanoparticles, displaying a decrement in particle size with the increment in amount of triethanolamine ratios. This might be the key to synthesizing nanoparticles with specific sizes for various applications.
doi:10.1063/1.4895161 fatcat:qbyj6t76vbfbpejgvc6te32a3a