Crystal Structure of the Cohesin Loader Scc2

Sotaro KIKUCHI, Hongtao YU
2017 Nihon Kessho Gakkaishi  
Crystal Structure of the Cohesin Loader Scc2 The ring-shaped cohesin complex entraps chromosomes and regulates chromosome biology. The cohesin core consists of Smc1, Smc3, Scc1 and Scc3. Scc2-Scc4 complex is known as a cohesin loader and loads cohesin onto chromosomes. Mutations of Scc2 cause human developmental diseases termed cohesinopathy. Here we determined the crystal structure of Chaetomium thermophilum Ct Scc2 and its interaction with cohesin. The structure consists mostly of HEAT
more » ... and it forms a hook-shaped structure that similar with Scc3 and Pds5. Many cohesinopathy mutations in Scc2 diminish the Scc2-Scc1 interaction. Our study defines a functionally important interaction between cohesin and Scc2. 図 1 . Ring-shaped structure of Cohesin complex. DNA Scc2-4 Pds5-Wapl
doi:10.5940/jcrsj.59.121 fatcat:jixr2fd3hrg6nifwvv4lksblru