Uptake and Exudation of Phenolic Compounds by Wheat and Antimicrobial Components of the Root Exudate

Akio Kobayashi, Myong Jo Kim, Kazuyoshi Kawazu
1996 Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C - A Journal of Biosciences  
In the course of our study, it was found that phenyl propenoic acid derivatives were readily taken up by wheat. Leaf leachate components were chosen for the feeding experiments and p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid and caffeic acid were found to be quickly taken up into the plants via the roots. The analytical study revealed that the exudate contained potent antimicrobial compounds together with amino acids and sugars. Besides the primary metabolites, 4-hydroxystyrene, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxystyrene
more » ... 4-hydroxystyrene and 3-methoxy-4-acetoxystyrene were identified as exudate components from wheat roots in sterile hydroponic culture. This indicates that these antimicrobial components may play a significant role in the defense system as allelochemicals for the rhizosphere.
doi:10.1515/znc-1996-7-811 fatcat:asd4happxvc53dsnycrmm3jqju