Design of Sanitary Landfills in Jordan for Sustainable Solid Waste Management

Mohammad Aljaradin, Mohammad Aljaradin, Kenneth Persson
2010 Journal of Applied Sciences Research   unpublished
Municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the major environmental problems in Jordan. World Bank visibility study (2004) showed that the rate of production of solid waste in Jordan was estimated annually of about 1.46 million ton, and is expected to reach 2.5 million ton by year 2015 with a generation of 0.9/kg/capita/day. This solid waste volume is still increasing at high rates due to the rapid increase of populations and change in living standards and the consumption patterns. The Majority of
more » ... The Majority of landfills in Jordan are practicing open dumping and thus cause various environmental problems such as health hazards, surface water and ground water contamination, odors, etc. Sanitary landfills offer a viable option for the Common Service Councils (CSCs) which are responsible for operation and management of disposal sites in the country, to deal with the environmental hazards caused by open dumps practice within its financial constraints. If sanitary landfills are conducted properly, the negative environmental impacts can be kept to a minimum level. This paper will Discuss the environmental, economic and social balance of moving open dumps toward sanitary landfills. Such a transfer is necessory and it could play important roles in tackling the pressing solid waste problems and a forward step for an approach for integrated solid waste management in the country.