A New Milky Way Dwarf Galaxy in Ursa Major

Beth Willman, Julianne J. Dalcanton, David Martinez-Delgado, Andrew A. West, Michael R. Blanton, David W. Hogg, J. C. Barentine, Howard J. Brewington, Michael Harvanek, S. J. Kleinman, Jurek Krzesinski, Dan Long (+3 others)
2005 Astrophysical Journal  
In this Letter, we report the discovery of a new dwarf satellite to the Milky Way, located at (α_2000, δ_2000) = (158.72,51.92) in the constellation of Ursa Major. This object was detected as an overdensity of red, resolved stars in Sloan Digital Sky Survey data. The color-magnitude diagram of the Ursa Major dwarf looks remarkably similar to that of Sextans, the lowest surface brightness Milky Way companion known, but with approximately an order of magnitude fewer stars. Deeper follow-up
more » ... confirms this object has an old and metal-poor stellar population and is ∼ 100 kpc away. We roughly estimate M_V = -6.75 and r_1/2 = 250 pc for this dwarf. Its luminosity is several times fainter than the faintest known Milky Way dwarf. However, its physical size is typical for dSphs. Even though its absolute magnitude and size are presently quite uncertain, Ursa Major is likely the lowest luminosity and lowest surface brightness galaxy yet known.
doi:10.1086/431760 fatcat:l4nm5curczer7gqq4oczv7ir24