Inherited macular dystrophies and differential diagnostics

Rasa Liutkevičienė, Vaiva Lesauskaitė, Virginija Ašmonienė, Arvydas Gelžinis, Dalia Zaliūnienė, Vytautas Jašinskas
2012 Medicina  
The inherited macular dystrophies are characterized by different grade central visual loss and different character macula atrophy, because of retinal pigment epithelium lesion. The cause of photoreceptors degeneration is still not known. In this article, we review subjective and objective ophthalmological examines essential to diagnosis and differential diagnosis of inherited autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive macular dystrophies. It is known seven gene mutations (ABCA4, ELOVL4, PROML1,
more » ... VMD2, Peripherin/RDS, TIMP3, XLRS), which may cause inherited macular dystrophies development. Inheritance type of inherited macular dystrophies, prevalence, beginning of disease, spread of the disease between female and male, clinic, electroretinography, electrooculography, differential diagnosis, genetic research and prognosis are also reviewed.
pmid:23168924 fatcat:nbtjleaa3rfhzgophs2ck6epve