Shape of Dynamical Heterogeneities and Fractional Stokes-Einstein and Stokes-Einstein-Debye Relations in Quasi-Two-Dimensional Suspensions of Colloidal Ellipsoids
Physical Review Letters
We examine the role of shape of dynamical heterogeneities on the validity of the Stokes-Einstein (SE) and Stokes-Einstein-Debye (SED) relations in quasi-two-dimensional suspensions of colloidal ellipsoids. For ellipsoids with repulsive interactions, although the orientational relaxation time remains coupled to the structural one, the SED relation by the Einstein formalism shows a breakdown. Strikingly, we find that it is the change in the shape of the dynamical heterogeneities from string-like
... o compact and not just their presence that results in the breakdown of both the SE and SED relations. On introducing a short-range depletion attraction between the ellipsoids, associated with the lack of morphological evolution of dynamical heterogeneities, the SE and SED relations remain valid even for deep supercooling. Our observations are consistent with numerical predictions.