Analysis of Affine Motion-Compensated Prediction in Video Coding [article]

Holger Meuel, Jörn Ostermann, University, My
Motion-compensated prediction is used in video coding standards like High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) as one key element of data compression. Commonly, a purely translational motion model is employed. In order to also cover non-translational motion types like rotation or scaling (zoom), e. g. contained in aerial video sequences such as captured from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), an affine motion model can be applied. In this work, a model for affine motion-compensated prediction in video
more » ... ding is derived. Using the rate-distortion theory and the displacement estimation error caused by inaccurate affine motion parameter estimation, the minimum required bit rate for encoding the prediction error is determined. In this model, the affine transformation parameters are assumed to be affected by statistically independent estimation errors, which all follow a zero-mean Gaussian distributed probability density function (pdf). The joint pdf of the estimation errors is derived and transformed into the pdfof the location-dependent displacement estimation error in the image. The latter is related to the minimum required bit rate for encoding the prediction error. Similar to the derivations of the fully affine motion model, a four-parameter simplified affine model is investigated. Both models are of particular interest since they are considered for the upcoming video coding standard Versatile Video Coding (VVC) succeeding HEVC. Both models provide valuable information about the minimum bit rate for encoding the prediction error as a function of affine estimation accuracies. © 1992-2012 IEEE.
doi:10.15488/10719 fatcat:s7i7fwj37fckrpr5rfzxvjnlvy