Spatial variability of soil penetration resistance influenced by season of sampling

Juan José Bonnin, José Manuel Mirás-Avalos, Kléber Pereira Lanças, Antonio Paz González, Sidney Rosa Vieira
2010 Bragantia  
The aim of this work was to analyze the spatial distribution of soil compaction and the influence of soil water content on the resistance to penetration. The latter variable was described by the cone index. The soil at the study site was a Nitisol and the cone index data were obtained using a penetrometer. Soil resistance was assessed at 5 different depths, i.e. 0-10 cm, 10-20 cm, 20-30 cm, 30-40 cm and deeper than 40 cm, whereas soil water content was measured at 0-20 cm and 20-40 cm. Soil
more » ... 20-40 cm. Soil water conditions varied during the different samplings. Coefficients of variation for cone index ranged from 16.5% to 45.8% while those for soil water content varied from 8.96% to 21.38%. Results suggested a high correlation between soil resistance, as assessed by the cone index, and soil depth. However, the expected relation with soil water content was not observed. Spatial dependence was observed in 31 out of 35 data series, both cone index and soil water content. This structure was fitted to exponential models with nugget effect varying from 0 to 90% of the sill value. Four of the data series showed a random behaviour. Inverse distance technique was used in order to map the distribution of the variables when no spatial structure was observed. Ordinary kriging showed a smoothing of the maps compared to those from inverse distance weighing. Indicator kriging was used to map the cone index spatial distribution for recommendation of further soil management.
doi:10.1590/s0006-87052010000500017 fatcat:7lmtpkl4xfhl3a2ulii3vm6noe