The Effect of Propofol Anesthesia on Cutaneous Wound Healing in Rats

Alireza Raayat Jahromi, Abutorab Tabatabaei Naeini, Nader Tanideh, Pegah Banan
2016 Journal of Fasa University of Medical Sciences  
& Objective: The present study surveys the effects of propofol on cutaneous wound healing in rats. Materials & Methods: 36 adult female Strague-Dawely rats were divided into three groups randomly; in group one propofol (60 mg/kg) and ketamine (40 mg/kg) combination; in group two ketamine (50 mg/kg), and in group three propofol (100 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally. Following routine surgical preparation, 1.5×1.5 cm wounds were created on the back of the rats. Wound size was evaluated daily
more » ... and then the wound area was calculated by Digimizer software. Following euthanasia on day 21 after wounding, 1×1 cm skin samples were collected for histopathological evaluations and hydroxyproline content. Results: Wound size and hydroxyproline content showed no significant difference in propofol group compared to ketamine and propofol-ketamine groups. Fibroblast content and vascularity revealed no significant difference between groups. Inflammatory cell infiltration in ketamine group, collagen deposition in ketamine-propofol groups, and epithelial regeneration in propofol group were significantly higher in comparison with others. Conclusion: In conclusion, single use of propofol has no adverse effect on cutaneous wound healing in rats compared to ketamine, but evaluation of its positive effects on wound healing necessitates more detailed studies.
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