Effects of Supervised Early Resistance Training versus standard care on cognitive recovery following cardiac surgery via median sternotomy (The SEcReT study): Protocol for a randomised controlled pilot study [post]

2019 unpublished
Mild cognitive impairment is considered a precursor to dementia and significantly impacts upon quality of life. The prevalence of mild cognitive impairment is higher in the post-surgical cardiac population than the general population, with older age and co-morbidities further increasing the risk of cognitive decline. This significantly impacts upon quality of life. Exercise improves neurogenesis, synaptic plasticity and inflammatory and neurotrophic factor pathways, which may help to augment
more » ... effects of cognitive decline. However, the effects of resistance training on cognitive, functional and overall patient-reported recovery have not been investigated in the surgical cardiac population. This study aims to determine the safety and feasibility of early moderate intensity resistance training in people undergoing cardiac surgery via a median sternotomy, compared to standard care. The effect of this exercise program on cognitive and functional recovery will also be examined. Methods: This study will be a prospective, pragmatic, pilot randomised controlled trial comparing a standard care group (lowintensity aerobic exercise) and a moderate-intensity resistance training group. Participants aged 18 years and older with coronary artery and/or valve disease requiring surgical intervention will be recruited pre-operatively and randomised 1:1 to either the resistance training or standard care group post-operatively. Feasibility and safety will be assessed through recruitment and retention rates; exercise program adherence; dropout rate; exercise and session stoppages due to pain, any adverse event or incident; and, any major adverse cardiac and cerebral events. Secondary measures include cognitive function, muscular strength, physical function, multiple-domain recovery, balance and patient satisfaction. Assessments will be conducted at baseline (pre-operatively) and postoperatively at 2 weeks, 8 weeks, 14 weeks and 6 months. Discussion: The results of this study will inform the safety and feasibility of early intervention resistance training for 4 patients following cardiac surgery. In addition, this study will provide insights into the effect of resistance training on postoperative cognitive recovery to inform rehabilitation guidelines. Trial registration: This trial was prospectively registered with the Australian
doi:10.21203/rs.2.11724/v2 fatcat:pqrux3dexnafnef7jt2lchjpk4