Deer game, a key factor affecting population of European yew in beech forests of the Veľká Fatra Mts, Slovakia

Denisa Sedmáková, Mariana Kýpeťová, Milan Saniga, Ján Pittner, Jaroslav Vencurik, Stanislav Kucbel, Peter Jaloviar
2018 Folia Oecologica  
Browsing and bark peeling by ungulates is known to affect biodiversity and may constitute the main driving factor of single tree population dynamics. In Slovakia, European yew (Taxus baccata L.) is a threatened species protected by law and present in many protected areas. In the study, we emphasize that protecting land and individual plants may not be sufficient for maintaining of yew populations, unless controlling over damage by deer game is also undertaken. Our results show that in beech
more » ... sts of the Veľká Fatra Mts, browsing and bark peeling constitute the main negative factor affecting yew seedling-sapling ingrowth transition, and the mortality and vitality loss of adult yew trees. We argue that ungulates may have a larger effect on biodiversity conservation than currently realized.
doi:10.2478/foecol-2018-0001 fatcat:oonxpy7qh5hk7bdnojqay3npcm