Temperature-dependent spin gap and singlet ground state inBaCuSi2O6
Physical Review B (Condensed Matter)
Bulk magnetic measurements and inelastic neutron scattering were used to investigate the spin-singlet ground state and magnetic gap excitations in BaCuSi2O6, a quasi-2-dimensional antiferromagnet with a bilayer structure. The results are well described by a model based on weakly interacting antiferromagnetic dimers. A strongly temperature-dependent dispersion in the gap modes was found. We suggest that the observed excitations are analogous to magneto-excitons in light rare-earth compounds, but
... are an intrinsic property of a simple Heisenberg Hamiltonian for the S=1/2 magnetic bilayer.