Caractérisation morphologique d'un modèle CEP amélioré de DMLA atrophique

Stéphan Jonathan Tobalem, Gabriele Thumann
Purpose: To develop an animal model of atrophic age-related macular degeneration (aAMD) in aged mice that more closely mimics the natural progression of the disease. Methods: 12 and 18-month old CBl57/6JRj mice were immunized with murine serum albumin (MSA) conjugated with carboxyethylpyrrole (CEP). The immunization, given into the hock, was followed by 3 booster injections into the neck over a 3-month period. Immunized mice and age-matched controls were trained for a visual discrimination and
more » ... n optokinetic response task to determine the objective visual threshold (OVT) at arrival and at 3 months; funduscopy and ocular coherence tomography were performed. After sacrifice, the eyes were enucleated for histological, immunofluorescent and electron microscopy analyses. Results: Retinal imaging confirmed that all mice had normal retinas upon arrival. Three months after mice were immunized the normal retinal age-related alterations were significantly more pronounced in CEP-immunized than in control mice as evidenced by drusenoid alterations, increased retinal thickness, immune activation, signs of retinal degeneration, decreased OVT. Electron microscopy indicated degeneration of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Conclusions: The retinal and behavioral changes in the "CEP-aged-mouse" will be useful for the investigation of novel treatments of aAMD.
doi:10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:151796 fatcat:cdfhhragvrhfvedbyqbvhyjvhu