Automatic non-linear mapping of pre-procedure CT volumes to 3D ultrasound

Wolfgang Wein, Oliver Kutter, Andre Aichert, Darko Zikic, Ali Kamen, Nassir Navab
2010 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro  
Multi-modality alignment of CT and ultrasound adds value to diagnostic examinations, as well as treatment planning and execution of various clinical procedures. Particularly automatic image-based alignment of such data is challenging, mostly because both modalities have very different imaging physics and characteristics. We present a method for dense-field deformable registration of CT and 3D ultrasound. Compared to global (rigid) alignment, this is more difficult to solve, because
more » ... ific difference in local anatomic appearance can result in incorrect displacements. We use a simulation of ultrasonic effects based on CT information, taking the current estimate of the deformation field into account to properly address orientation-dependent imaging artifacts. This is combined with a robust multi-channel local similarity metric, driving a variational registration framework. Because of the high computational demand, an efficient GPU-based implementation is used. Preliminary results are shown on data from a number of hepatic cancer patients. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a non-linear mapping of CT and 3D B-mode ultrasound is established in a computationally practical and fully automatic manner.
doi:10.1109/isbi.2010.5490216 dblp:conf/isbi/WeinKAZKN10 fatcat:q7r6wse6nffjtkzv74puehkpn4