Comparison of drug delivery from conventional versus "Venturi" nebulizers

S.G. Devadason, M.L. Everard, J.M. Linto, P.N. Le Souëf
1997 European Respiratory Journal  
Attempts to improve drug delivery from conventional jet nebulizers have included the use of storage systems to reduce drug wastage during exhalation. Venturi nebulizers enhance drug delivery during inhalation, reducing treatment times and drug wastage. This study investigated the effect of age on inhaled dose from a conventional jet nebulizer (Acorn®) used both with and without a storage chamber (Mizer®), compared to two Venturi nebulizers (Ventstream® and Pari LC®). Filters were attached to
more » ... four nebulizer systems, containing salbutamol, and 18 children with cystic fibrosis (3-16 yrs) inhaled through these devices. The quantity of drug collected on the filter was assessed using ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The particle size distribution of the aerosol from each nebulizer system was measured using laser diffraction. Inspiratory filter deposition using the Acorn® was lower than the Acorn® with Mizer®, and both Venturi nebulizers. Filter deposition using the Acorn® with Mizer® was lower than the Pari LC®. No trend with age, height or weight was noted using any nebulizer. Aerosol particle size using the Ventstream® was lower than the other nebulizer systems. Drug output from both Venturi nebulizers was more efficient than from the jet nebulizer, used with and without the storage chamber, during inhalation by children with cystic fibrosis. The inhaled dose did not change with the patient's age or size using both types of nebulizer. Partial sponsorship by Pari (Germany) and MedicAid (UK).
doi:10.1183/09031936.97.10112479 pmid:9426082 fatcat:l2gzx4amm5dzbg3t2lz32relry