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Symmetries and Invariants of the Time-Dependent Oscillator Equation and the Envelope Equation
Proceedings of the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference
The single-particle dynamics in a time-dependent focusing field is examined. The existence of the Courant-Snyder invariant is fundamentally a result of the corresponding symmetry admitted by the oscillator equation with timedependent frequency. A careful analysis of the admitted symmetries reveals a deeper connection between the nonlinear envelope equation and the oscillator equation. A general theorem regarding the symmetries and invariants of the envelope equation, which includes thedoi:10.1109/pac.2005.1591095 fatcat:3yvacjqsxjfklawlebouzjx2ca