Proprotein convertase 1 mediated proneuropeptide proteolytic processing in ischemic neuron injury
Bratislava Medical Journal
BACKGROUND: Pro-protein processing mechanism plays an important role in neuron injury. OBJECTIVE: To study the protein convertase 1 (PC1) mediated processing mechanism, the ischemic cellular or tissue proPC1/PC1 or proCgA/CgA (pro-chromogranin A) was analyzed. METHODS: NS20Y differentiated cells were stressed by 0-6 h of oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) in glucosefree DMEM and an anaerobic jar environment. Ischemic C57BL/J mouse model was established by performing 60-min of middle cerebral
... of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) operation and subsequent 4 or 24-h reperfusion. The TUNEL, immunochemistry, and Western blot methods were used to detect protein expression in ischemic cells or tissues. RESULTS: The OGD or MCAO stress caused substantial cell death in a dose-dependent manner (p < 0.05 or 0.01). With the increasing OGD dose, proPC1 and PC1 proteins gradually increased (p < 0.05 or 0.01) whereas proCgA and CgA proteins decreased (p < 0.05). In vivo the proPC1 and PC1 expressions presented with a peak at 4-h and then decreased at 24-h reperfusion (p < 0.05 or 0.01). The tissue proCgA and CgA proteins decreased with the increasing reperfusion time (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the increasing PC1 expression promoted the transformation of proCgA into CgA or smaller peptides, i.e. Pancreastatin or Secretoneurin, and the PC1 mediated processing plays a critical role (Fig. 4, Ref. 15 ). Text in PDF www.elis.sk. KEY WORDS: pro-protein processing, neuron ischemic injury, pro-protein convertase 1, chromogranin A. , et al. TTC staining of damaged brain areas after MCA occlusion in the rat does not constrict quantitative gene and protein analyses.