The shear dynamo problem for small magnetic Reynolds numbers
S. SRIDHAR, NISHANT K. SINGH
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
We study large-scale dynamo action due to turbulence in the presence of a linear shear flow, in the low conductivity limit. Our treatment is nonperturbative in the shear strength and makes systematic use of both the shearing coordinate transformation and the Galilean invariance of the linear shear flow. The velocity fluctuations are assumed to have low magnetic Reynolds number (Rm) but could have arbitrary fluid Reynolds number. The magnetic fluctuations are determined to lowest order in Rm by
... xplicit calculation of the resistive Green's function for the linear shear flow. The mean electromotive force is calculated and an integro-differential equation is derived for the time evolution of the mean magnetic field. In this equation, velocity fluctuations contribute to two different kinds of terms, the C and D terms, in which first and second spatial derivatives of the mean magnetic field, respectively, appear inside the spacetime integrals. The contribution of the D terms is such that the time evolution of the cross-shear components of the mean field do not depend on any other components excepting themselves. Therefore, to lowest order in Rm but to all orders in the shear strength, the D terms cannot give rise to a shear-current assisted dynamo effect. Casting the integro-differential equation in Fourier space, we show that the normal modes of the theory are a set of shearing waves, labelled by their sheared wavevectors. The integral kernels are expressed in terms of the velocity spectrum tensor, which is the fundamental quantity that needs to be specified to complete the integro-differential equation description of the time evolution of the mean magnetic field.