The Seven Ways to Find Heading

Kenneth Gade
2016 Journal of navigation  
A magnetic compass has too large a heading error for many applications, and it is often not obvious how to achieve an accurate heading, in particular for low-cost navigation systems. However, there are several different methods available for finding heading, and their feasibility depends on the given scenario. Some of the methods may seem very different, but they can all be related and categorised into a list by studying the vector that each method is using when achieving heading. A list of
more » ... ding. A list of possible methods is very useful when ensuring that all relevant methods are being considered for a given application. For practical navigation, we have identified seven different vectors in use for heading estimation, and we define seven corresponding methods. The methods are magnetic and gyrocompass, two methods based on observations, multi-antenna Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), and two methods based on vehicle motion.
doi:10.1017/s0373463316000096 fatcat:tsebune7ifbt5pdvldpepwb3mi