Compact QED in the Landau gauge: A lattice-gauge-fixing case study

M. I. Polikarpov, Ken Yee, M. A. Zubkov
1993 Physical Review D, Particles and fields  
We derive different representations of compact QED fixed to Landau gauge by the lattice Faddeev-Popov procedure. Our analysis finds that (A)Nielsen-Olesen vortices arising from the compactness of the gauge-fixing action are {\it quenched\/}, that is, the Faddeev-Popov determinant cancels them out and they do not influence correlation functions such as the photon propagator; (B)Dirac strings are responsible for the nonzero mass pole of the photon propagator. Since in $D=3+1$ the photon mass
more » ... he photon mass undergoes a rapid drop to zero at $\beta_c$, the deconfinement point, this result predicts that Dirac strings must be sufficiently dilute at $\beta > \beta_c$. Indeed, numerical simulations reveal that the string density undergoes a rapid drop to near zero at $\beta\sim \beta_c$.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.48.3377 pmid:10016595 fatcat:hvxkgzzkebfzxfsat7k2kqb2me