Urinary metabolic profiling of asymptomatic acute intermittent porphyria using a rule-mining-based algorithm

Margaux Luck, Caroline Schmitt, Neila Talbi, Laurent Gouya, Cédric Caradeuc, Hervé Puy, Gildas Bertho, Nicolas Pallet
2017 Metabolomics  
Introduction Metabolomic profiling combines Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy with supervised statistical analysis that might allow to better understanding the mechanisms of a disease. Objectives In this study, the urinary metabolic profiling of individuals with porphyrias was performed to predict different types of disease, and to propose new pathophysiological hypotheses. Methods Urine 1 H-NMR spectra of 73 patients with asymptomatic acute intermittent porphyria (aAIP) and familial or
more » ... oradic porphyria cutanea tarda (f/sPCT) were compared using a supervised rule-mining algorithm. NMR spectrum buckets bins, corresponding to rules, were extracted and a logistic regression was trained. Results Our rule-mining algorithm generated results were consistent with those obtained using partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and the predictive performance of the model was significant. Buckets that were identified by the algorithm corresponded to metabolites involved in glycolysis and energy-conversion pathways, notably acetate, citrate, and pyruvate, which were found in higher concentrations in the urines of aAIP compared with PCT patients. Metabolic profiling did not discriminate sPCT from fPCT patients. Conclusion These results suggest that metabolic reprogramming occurs in aAIP individuals, even in the absence of overt symptoms, and supports the relationship that occur between heme synthesis and mitochondrial energetic metabolism.
doi:10.1007/s11306-017-1305-9 pmid:29416446 pmcid:PMC5794841 fatcat:lbetubj6ejbvtc3yr7b3xxiuom