Effects of humic materials on virus recovery from water

N Guttman-Bass, J Catalano-Sherman
1985 Applied and Environmental Microbiology  
Humic and fulvic acids were tested for their ability to interfere with virus recovery by microporous filters. Two electropositively charged types of filter (Seitz S and Zeta Plus 60S) were used to concentrate poliovirus in the presence of humic materials. Humic acid inhibited virus adsorption, but even at the highest humic acid concentrations tested (200 mg/liter), 30 to 40% of the virus was recovered by the filters. Fulvic acid, tested with Zeta Plus filters, did not affect virus recovery. For
more » ... virus recovery. For comparison, two electronegatively charged filter types were tested (Cox and Balston). These two types of filter were more sensitive to interference at lower concentrations of humic acid than the more positively charged filters. With Balston filters, at humic acid concentrations above 10 mg/liter, most of the virus was recovered in the filtrate. Fulvic acid, tested with Balston filters, did not interfere with virus recovery. With the electropositively charged filters, the humic materials adsorbed efficiently, even at high input concentrations. Interference with virus adsorption occurred at humic acid concentrations which were below the level of saturation of the filters. In addition, in high-volume experiments, humic acid led to premature blockage of the filters. The efficiency of virus recovery by a second concentration step, organic flocculation of the filter eluate, was tested. For all the filter types tested, this procedure was not affected by the presence of humic or fulvic acid in the input water. APPL. ENVIRON. MICROBIOL. on May 8, 2020 by guest http://aem.asm.org/ Downloaded from
doi:10.1128/aem.49.5.1260-1264.1985 fatcat:pn4es6b3n5banbtad2oydx2hd4