Translational Pharmacometric Evaluation of Typical Antibiotic Broad-Spectrum Combination Therapies Against Staphylococcus Aureus Exploiting In Vitro Information [article]

Sebastian G. Wicha, Wilhelm Huisinga, Charlotte Kloft, Universitätsbibliothek Der FU Berlin, Universitätsbibliothek Der FU Berlin
2017
Broad-spectrum antibiotic combination therapy is frequently applied due to increasing resistance development of infective pathogens. The objective of the present study was to evaluate two common empiric broad-spectrum combination therapies consisting of either linezolid (LZD) or vancomycin (VAN) combined with meropenem (MER) against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) as the most frequent causative pathogen of severe infections. A semimechanistic pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model
more » ... king a simplified bacterial life-cycle of S. aureus was developed upon time-kill curve data to describe the effects of LZD, VAN, and MER alone and in dual combinations. The PK-PD model was successfully (i) evaluated with external data from two clinical S. aureus isolates and further drug combinations and (ii) challenged to predict common clinical PK-PD indices and breakpoints. Finally, clinical trial simulations were performed that revealed that the combination of VAN-MER might be favorable over LZD-MER due to an unfavorable antagonistic interaction between LZD and MER.
doi:10.17169/refubium-23702 fatcat:2e2ttzuribcozdylwem3cdwd3a