Towards a census of high-redshift dusty galaxies with Herschel

D. Donevski, V. Buat, F. Boone, C. Pappalardo, M. Bethermin, C. Schreiber, F. Mazyed, J. Alvarez-Marquez, S. Duivenvoorden
2018 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
$\mathit{Herschel}$ extragalactic surveys offer a unique opportunity to efficiently select a significant number of rare and massive dusty objects, and thus gain insight into the prodigious star-forming activity that takes place in the very distant Universe. To search for $z\geq4$ dusty star-forming galaxies, in this work we consider red SPIRE objects with fluxes rising from 250 $\mu$m to $500\:\mu$m (so-called "500 $\mu$m-risers"). We aim to implement a novel method to obtain a statistical
more » ... a statistical sample of "500 $\mu$m-risers" and fully evaluate our selection inspecting different models of galaxy evolution. We consider one of the largest and deepest ${\it Herschel}$ surveys, the Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey. We develop a novel selection algorithm which links the source extraction and spectral energy distribution fitting. We select 133 "500 $\mu$m-risers" over 55 deg$^{2}$, imposing the criteria: $S_{500}>S_{350}>S_{250}$, $S_{250}>13.2$ mJy and $S_{500}>$30 mJy. Differential number counts are in a fairly good agreement with models, displaying better match than other existing samples. In order to interpret the statistical properties of selected sources, which has been proven as a very challenging task due the complexity of observed artefacts, we make end-to-end simulations including physical clustering and lensing. The estimated fraction of strongly lensed sources is $24^{+6}_{-5}\%$ based on models. We present the faintest known statistical sample of "500 $\mu$m-risers" and show that noise and strong lensing have crucial impact on measured counts and redshift distribution of selected sources. We estimate the flux-corrected star formation rate density at $44$ sources.
doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201731888 fatcat:bhu5jr3babearkpii6rpcntqgi