Prospective cognition in animals

C.R. Raby, N.S. Clayton
2009 Behavioural Processes  
The debate about whether or not animals have foresight has focused on whether animals can be shown to have episodic future thinking, that is the ability to travel mentally in time and see themselves in the future. This focus has distracted from consideration of other forms of foresight that animals demonstrate. We propose a framework for examining future-oriented behaviours and then discuss the evidence for future thinking in animals. In the final section we examine some perspectives of future
more » ... hinking and suggest that there are future-oriented capabilities of animals that do not involve mental time travel but may yet involve future thinking which deserve further investigation.
doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2008.12.005 pmid:20522320 fatcat:exfua3aetngtrmgzhs5vjtyfua