The Contrary Impact of Resilience on the Complicated Nursing Work Environment: A Literature Review

Hasan Mohammad Abualruz, Ferial Hayajneh
2019 Open Journal of Nursing  
The purposes of this literature review were to analyze in depth studies that were related to resilience among nurses to reflect the current knowledge about resilience and its importance for nurses, to identify the recommended strategies in the literature to build resilience among nurses, and to critically review the studies and the interventions that tested the impact of teaching resilience for nurses. The recurrent nurses exposure to work stressors and adversities has many negative
more » ... egative consequences at different aspects related to nurses' wellbeing, quality of care, and organizational intimacy. Resilient nurse is more able to face work stressors and its negative effects. Increasing nurses' resilience for the purpose of surviving in the complicated work environment is a crucial issue in the current century. In this review, it was found that many strategies had been recommended to build resilience and many resiliency programs had been implemented. The results of the implemented programs showed significant improvement among the participants, although there was no consistency over the contents of the programs, and no consistency between the contents of the programs and the recommended strategies that found in the review. The contents of the programs were stress reduction focused rather than the pure resiliency strategies and recommendations. It is recommended to integrate resilience in nursing education at different levels and to develop a well structured resiliency training program based on the pure resiliency strategies that had been recommended to build resilience among nurses.
doi:10.4236/ojn.2019.911087 fatcat:6y6mrb7mljhi3iwex4iyravo4y