A Prediction Model for the Calculation of Effective Stiffness Ratios of Reinforced Concrete Columns

Sourav Das, Iman Mansouri, Satyabrata Choudhury, Amir H. Gandomi, Jong Wan Hu
2021 Materials  
Nonlinear dynamic analyses of reinforced concrete (RC) frame buildings require the use of effective stiffness of members to capture the effect of cracked section stiffness. In the design codes and practices, the effective stiffness of RC sections is given as an empirical fraction of the gross stiffness. However, a more precise estimation of the effective stiffness is important as it affects the distribution of forces and various demands and response parameters in nonlinear dynamic analyses. In
more » ... his study, an evolutionary computation method called gene expression programming (GEP) was used to predict the effective stiffness ratios of RC columns. Constitutive relationships were obtained by correlating the effective stiffness ratio with the four mechanical and geometrical parameters. The model was developed using a database of 226 samples of nonlinear dynamic analysis results collected from another study by the author. Subsequent parametric and sensitivity analyses were performed and the trends of the results were confirmed. The results indicate that the GEP model provides precise estimations of the effective stiffness ratios of the RC frames.
doi:10.3390/ma14071792 pmid:33916380 fatcat:eyz52ef4avfbtfhrdnm7qg7w2y