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The majority of genome analysis tools and pipelines require data to be decrypted for access. This potentially leaves sensitive genetic data exposed, either because the unencrypted data is not removed after analysis, or because the data leaves traces on the permanent storage medium. We defined a file container specification enabling direct byte-level compatible random access to encrypted genetic data stored in community standards such as SAM/BAM/CRAM/VCF/BCF. By standardizing this format, wedoi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btab087 pmid:33543751 pmcid:PMC8522443 fatcat:gyobb6jewramdozpl4xplokggi