Linguistic Expression of Suggestiveness in Court Discourse
PHILOLOGICAL SCIENCES, INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION AND TRANSLATION STUDIES: AN EXPERIENCE AND CHALLENGES
Nowadays the ways of influence on public opinion have become more complex and not so obvious. All this resulted in the appearance of new theories of influence, for example, suggestiveness and even manipulation. The notion of suggestiveness is an interdisciplinary one which originated in psychiatry. Psychotherapists John Grinder and Richard Bandler in the 1960-1970s developed so called neurolinguistic programming, which is considered to be a kind of suggestive psychotherapy. It aimed at changing
... t aimed at changing person's behavior through verbal influence. Suggestiveness is discussed in detail by sociologists, psychologists, journalists. So, suggestiveness is the new trend in linguistic research. In our view, it should be given careful and due consideration. The use of suggestive means is particularly important in court discourse. In order to be persuasive and to have an infl uence on the audience it is essential that any speaker should be aware of the following: to have good communication skills and to use his body language properly. Body language analysis is not an objective in this paper. As to the first point (good communication skills) any speaker should consider the fact that a lot of people, if not the majority, will also try to refute the speaker's statements. There will defi nitely be individuals who initially cannot accept or understand the speaker's view, which explains why each speaker needs to learn how to respond appropriately. They also have to fi nd the right words and arrange them properly to best suit the situation . To carry out our research, we selected and described the language material which was used in the opening statements delivered by the defense attorneys (Mr. James Culleton, Mr. Stephen Worth, Mr. Bennett Epstein, Mr. Steven Brounstein) during the Diallo case trial (1999 -2000). In the process of investigation, the following research methods were used: linguistic observation and analysis as well as cognitive method, pragmatic analysis method, critical discourse analysis method.