Palliative external beam radiotherapy for lung cancer patients with malignant airway obstruction
Background Significant proportion of lung cancer patients suffer from malignant airway obstruction (MAO). Palliative external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) is often attempted to control symptoms caused by MAO. In this study, we report the effect of palliative EBRT on lung cancer with MAO and analyze the factors that influence it. Methods This study included 75 patients with MAO in lung cancer who underwent palliative EBRT, between 2009 and 2018 and were analyzed retrospectively. Change of dyspnea,
... hange of dyspnea, tumor response, and overall survival (OS) were recorded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done to find the prognostic factors for treatment outcomes. Results The median follow-up duration was 2.5 months, and the median OS was 2.3 months. Out of 75 patients, dyspnea was improved in 46 patients (61.3%), and tumor was partially decreased in 39 patients (52%). The symptom improvement was significantly affected by tumor response and radiation dose. The tumor response was significantly affected by disease status, radiation dose, and time to EBRT.Conclusions Palliative EBRT is an effective and safe treatment option for patients with MAO in lung cancer. Especially, high-dose irradiation and prompt treatment can improve treatment results.