Effects of roscovitine on maintenance of the germinal vesicle in horse oocytes, subsequent nuclear maturation, and cleavage rates after intracytoplasmic sperm injection
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of roscovitine on suppression of meiosis, subsequent meiotic maturation, and cleavage rates after intracytoplasmic sperm injection of horse oocytes. Oocytes were classified as having compact or expanded cumuli (Com or Exp oocytes) and were divided into three culture groups: 30 h culture in maturation medium (30 h Mat); 54 h culture in maturation medium (54 h Mat), or 24 h culture in medium containing 66 mol roscovitine l −1 and then 30 h culture
... n maturation medium (Ros+M). After maturation, oocytes were subjected to intracytoplasmic sperm injection and cultured in G1.2 medium for 96 h. Among oocytes fixed immediately after roscovitine culture, 26 of 31 (84%) Com oocytes and 16 of 28 (57%) Exp oocytes were at the germinal vesicle stage (P < 0.05). After maturation culture, there were no differences in maturation rates or morphological cleavage rates among treatments. Among Com oocytes, significantly more embryos in the Ros+M treatment than in the 54 h Mat treatment had cleaved with two normal nuclei (63 versus 36%; P < 0.05); whereas among Exp oocytes, significantly more embryos in the 30 h Mat treatment than in the Ros+M treatment (63 versus 42%; P < 0.05) had cleaved with two normal nuclei. The average number of nuclei in embryos at 96 h was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in Ros+M Com oocytes (13.5) than in any other Com or Exp group. These results demonstrate that roscovitine can reversibly maintain equine oocytes in the germinal vesicle stage for up to 24 h, and that such suppression may increase the developmental potential of Com, but not Exp, oocytes.