Impact of the detector parameters on a Compton camera
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
The Compton camera, in principle, can improve spatial resolution and efficiency with respect to today's PET and SPECT techniques. The optimization of a Compton camera system in terms of efficiency and resolution is a complex multiparameter problem. The efficiency depends on various detector parameters (material, thickness, positioning, etc.). The influence of these parameters on the image reconstruction is investigated for a conventional reconstruction technique in order to find optimum
... parameters. The case studies are based on a model for a system consisting of a silicon drift detector (electron detector) and a scintillator detector (photon detector). Effects of secondary and background processes were not included in this model. It was found that high-energy gamma sources (300 keV and more) are preferable over lower-energy sources (e.g., 140 keV) commonly used for SPECT. A Si detector as an electron detector and an angular range between 30 and 80 is most useful considering the various physical and experimental constraints. Silicon drift detector (SDD) with integrated front-end electronics offers a very good energy resolution due to its low electronics noise. The intrinsic resolution of both detectors influence the overall resolution considerably. A relatively large pixel size of the SDD considered here reduces the number of readout channels, but also limits the intrinsic resolution. The thickness of the electron detector should be chosen in such a way that its effects on efficiency and spatial resolution are balanced. Interdetector distance of at least 15 cm was found to be appropriate for the detector setup considered in this paper. Index Terms-113m In, Compton camera, detector parameters, electronic collimation, emission tomography, silicon drift detector.