On the High-Temperature Oxidation and Area Specific Resistance of New Commercial Ferritic Stainless Steels

Valeria Bongiorno, Roberto Spotorno, Daniele Paravidino, Paolo Piccardo
2021 Metals  
Two commercial ferritic stainless steels (FSSs), referred to as Steel A and Steel B, designed for specific high-temperature applications, were tested in static air for 2000 h at 750 °C to evaluate their potential as base materials for interconnects (ICs) in Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell stacks (IT-SOFCs). Their oxidation behavior was studied through weight gain and Area Specific Resistance (ASR) measurements. Additionally, the oxide scales developed on their surfaces were
more » ... terized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Micro-Raman Spectroscopy (μ-RS), Scanning Electron Microscopy, and Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The evolution of oxide composition, structure, and electrical conductivity in response to aging was determined. Comparing the results with those on AISI 441 FSS, steels A and B showed a comparable weight gain but higher ASR values that are required by the application. According to the authors, Steel A and B compositions need an adjustment (i.e., a plain substitution of the elements which form insulant oxides or a marginal modification in their content) to form a thermally grown oxide (TGO) with the acceptable ASR level.
doi:10.3390/met11030405 fatcat:msy4gqolqfglnhwdqgbpujett4