Territorial Planning Policy for Sustainable Development

Gjergj Thomai
2012 2012 UBT International Conference   unpublished
Urban planning in Albania, has been promoted in various forms of organization and ultimately Territorial Planning Law represents another form of policies on the territory that is closely linked to the decentralization of control of the territory. In Albania more than half of the population lives in urban areas. However, with the exception of Tirana, Albanian cities are generally smaller than cities EU-Balkans region. After massive rural migration, social changes show a new kind of rural
more » ... nd of rural Albania.Territorial planning policy for sustainable development requires meeting the challenges posed by changing economic, social and cultural development, and to achieve a balance of population, industry, culture, etc., between the provinces of the country, such as: a) define the principles and directions for a balanced and sustainable development of territory with European standards; b) the establishment of the territorial conditions for regional development; c) the direction of the establishment and development of national public infrastructure; d) creation of conditions for the preservation of ecosystems, biodiversity, natural resources on and under the earth and the natural and cultural wealth, balancing the effects of housing systems and economic activities and the protection of green spaces development of other areas of cultivable; etc. The objectives of these policies are: Convergence; Regional Competitiveness and Employment; European territorial cooperation and contractual approach as an effective means of implementation of projects that include various levels of government, "an area, a strategy, a contract". They will focus on priorities: local competition and attractiveness; environmental dimension of sustainable development; social and territorial cohesion; sustainable development.
doi:10.33107/ubt-ic.2012.21 fatcat:iej72gqu7vdpjehlr642kf23n4