Serum adiponectin level in children with nephrotic syndrome in relation to right ventricular functions and metabolic profiles
Ibnosina Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
Adiponectin (ADPN), a protein hormone (cytokine), is exclusively expressed on and secreted from adipocytes. It is a particularly interesting compound because it may have a protective influence on the cardiovascular system. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate serum ADPN level, right ventricular functions and metabolic profiles among children with nephrotic syndrome (NS) and asses the correlations between ADPN as a protective hormone and each of right ventricular functions and
... ctions and metabolic profiles. Patients and Methods: A total of 47 children (28 boys; 19 girls) with steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) were studied. They included two groups: Group A: included 25 children with SRNS in relapse. Group B: included 22 children with SRNS in remission for periods ranging from 3-9 months. A control group included 28 children with matched age and sex. Methods: Serum level of ADPN was estimated by ELISA and nitric oxide (NO) by chemical detection. In addition to total cho-32 group. ECG findings were indicative for right ventricular hypertrophy in relapsed cases. Finally, in children with SRNS in relapse it was found that serum ADPN level was significantly positively correlated with each of serum NO, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, proteinuria, RVEDD, RVPP and PAP, while significantly negatively correlated with serum total protein, albumin and RVEF%. Conclusion: During relapse of SRNS, serum ADPN level is higher than its level in SRNS in remission. This higher level may represent a physiologic response to the altered metabolic profiles and right ventricular strain so as to minimize cardiovascular complications.