Ultrasound Assessment of Tensile Stress in Carotid Arteries of Healthy Human Subjects with Varying Age [post]

2019 unpublished
Arterial remodeling is thought to reflect the adaptation of the vessel wall to mechanical and hemodynamic stimuli and contributes to the progression of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Tensile stress (TS) is one of the mechanical properties of the artery wall. The purpose of this study was to investigate the tensile stress change (TS) of carotid artery with varying viscoelasticity in healthy subjects within two groups of different ages. Methods: Forty-five subjects were recruited
more » ... s were recruited and randomly assigned into the group at the age above 50 years and below 50 years. The carotid arteries were examined by ultrasonography, using the techniques of shear wave elastography (SWE), shear wave dispersion (SWD) and radiofrequency (RF) -based ultrasound. The following values, including elastic modulus (SWE R ) and viscous index (SWD R ), as well as the peak and mean TS of the left and right carotid arteries (L-PTS, R-PTS, L-MTS and R-MTS) were measured. The correlations between SWE R , SWD R and tensile stress were evaluated by using what correlation method. Results: The SWE R and SWD R of carotid arteries are lower in the subjects ≥50 years old than the subjects younger than 50 years (SWE R , 10.29±9.57 kPa VS 17.24±14.07 kPa; SWD R, 11.99±3.51 (m/s)/kHz VS 13.97±3.71 (m/s)/kHz, P < 0.05). The R-PTS was lower in the group with younger age ( P <0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that SWE R of carotid artery was positively correlated with the parameters of tensile stress R-PTS, R-MTS, L-PTS and L-MTS( r =0.218, r =0.359, r =0.209 and r =0.369, respectively, P <0.05). However, SWD R of carotid arteries was not significantly associated with TS. Conclusion: Ultrasonic shear wave imaging could be used to quantitatively assess
doi:10.21203/rs.2.13760/v3 fatcat:5h6hggtoaren7dmyhsnddkfmee