Duchon_cumc.columbia_0054E_10079.pdf [article]

Antimicrobials are the most frequently used medications in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Antimicrobial Stewardship (AMS) efforts may be used to mitigate the consequences of antimicrobial overuse while optimizing clinical outcomes through the safe, judicious use of antimicrobials. One target of AMS efforts is to reduce the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a serious intestinal infection in neonates of which a necessary component is dysbiosis, the development of aberrant
more » ... estinal microbiota typically associated with prior antibiotic use. The goal of this ILE is to implement and enhance AMS efforts in the neonatal population with a focus on preventing NEC. The specific aims progress through three relevant, practical examples of AMS in a stepwise manner. Methods: In Aim 1, a systematic review of the literature evaluating the relationship between antimicrobial therapy and subsequent development of NEC and a meta-analysis including noninterventional studies was performed. Data were pooled on adjusted odds ratios (OR) and analyzed using the generic inverse variance method. All analyses were random effects models. A sensitivity analysis was performed based on a range (0-40%) of credibility ceilings. In Aim 2, institutional guidelines for early and late onset neonatal sepsis using the principles of AMS and the evidence for safe restriction of antimicrobials targeted for reduction in use in neonates by the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) were created and implemented .
doi:10.7916/d8-b76v-nz87 fatcat:khepp7cu7fdatgyzg5bu5kz42e