Self-Adaptive Architecture for Multi-Sensor Embedded Vision System [chapter]

Ali Isavudeen, Eva Dokladalova, Nicolas Ngan, Mohamed Akil
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Architectural optimization for heterogeneous multi-sensor processing is a real technological challenge. Most of the vision systems involve only one single color sensor and they do not address the heterogeneous sensors challenge. However, more and more applications require other types of sensor in addition, such as infrared or low-light sensor, so that the vision system could face various luminosity conditions. These heterogeneous sensors could differ in the spectral band, the resolution or even
more » ... the frame rate. Such sensor variety needs huge computing performance, but embedded systems have stringent area and power constraints. Reconfigurable architecture makes possible flexible computing while respecting the latter constraints. Many reconfigurable architectures for vision application have been proposed in the past. Yet, few of them propose a real dynamic adaptation capability to manage sensor heterogeneity. In this paper, a self-adaptive architecture is proposed to deal with heterogeneous sensors dynamically. This architecture supports on-the-fly sensor switch. Architecture of the system is self-adapted thanks to a system monitor and an adaptation controller. A stream header concept is used to convey sensor information to the self-adaptive architecture. The proposed architecture was implemented in Altera Cyclone V FPGA. In this implementation, adaptation of the architecture consists in Dynamic and Partial Reconfiguration of FPGA. The self-adaptive ability of the architecture has been proved with low resource overhead and an average global adaptation time of 75 ms.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-29817-7_7 fatcat:siy5qu6ayvdibiehm55p4upgcu