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Reframing Kiruna's Relocation—Spatial Production or a Sustainable Transformation?
Due to the expansion of nearby mining operations, the city of Kiruna, an arctic city in Sweden, has been undergoing a massive urban transformation, led by the mining company, Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara Aktiebolag (LKAB), which is the largest iron ore producer in the EU. This paper explores this relocation in a three-sphere transformation framework that has sustainability as the outcome (practical sphere), and analyses it as a socio-spatial transformation process, including political decisions asdoi:10.3390/su13073811 fatcat:k4xb4xe4anegfgbszbofvljizi