Expression of MMP28 in bladder cancer tissue microarray and its clinical significance [post]

2019 unpublished
The aim of this study was to explore the expression pattern and prognostic value of MMP-28 for bladder cancer and analyze its relationship with the clinicopathological features of human bladder cancer. Methods: Immunohistochemical staining for MMP28 was performed in 491 archived radical bladder cancer resection and 80 normal specimens. The immunoreactivity of these proteins was correlated to evaluate their clinical significance as prognostic factors. Results: Protein level of MMP-28 was
more » ... ted in bladder cancer compared with adjacent non-tumor tissues. The increased expression of MMP-28 was significantly associated with high histological grade, lymph node metastasis, lymphatic invasion and distant metastasis (P<0.05). High expression of MMP-28 was also associated with greater risk of disease progression and decreased chance of cancer-specific survival. Further analysis suggested that MMP-28 was related with decreased overall survival. Conclusions: MMP-28 could be used as an effective marker for tumor diagnosis and predict tumor progression in bladder cancer. The expression patterns of MMP-28 interaction correlated well with the pathological stage, disease progression and tumor-specific survival. The finding may help identify more biologically aggressive carcinomas which could aid in patients who benefit from more intensive adjuvant therapy. Background Bladder cancer (BC) is the most common malignant tumors of the urinary tract, and the incidence of BC is gradually increasing. Recently, it has become the fourth most common malignancy in man and the ninth in female (1, 2). In fact, the early stage of bladder cancer often lacks obvious symptoms, whereas the advanced stage of it is highly metastatic, which leads to a high mortality rate of the disease (3, 4) . The development of
doi:10.21203/rs.2.12805/v1 fatcat:y4nknfuhrja6hapxvkdbudcf4e