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Many phenomena in the real world are inherently complex and involve many dynamical variables interacting nonlinearly through feedback loops and exhibiting chaos, self-organization, and pattern formation. It is useful to ask if there are generic features of such systems, and if so, how simple can such systems be and still display these features. This paper describes several such systems that are accessible to undergraduates and might serve as useful examples of complexity.doi:10.1119/1.2830540 fatcat:pbbfsuu6mvcklbgwcpxpku223y