Necessity or Luxury? Sober Second Thoughts on the Chinese Gideon and Legal Aid in Criminal Cases

Luye Mou
2019 China and WTO Review  
Many Chinese scholars advocate transplanting the American Gideon to improve the quality of criminal defense and legal aid in China. Nowadays, less than thirty percent of criminal defendants in China have counsels to represent them, and this has worsened since the year of 2012, because laws and policies have expanded the legal aid to more candidates, while the appropriations cannot keep pace with the explosive caseload. Institutional impediments also frustrate lawyers' efforts in providing
more » ... ive representation, and there is no remedy for ineffective-assistance-of-counsel claims. This paper calls for a fuller understanding of the Gideon's broken promise in the US, and argues that the forces most essential to the support of the Chinese Gideon can only come from China's practice and experience.
doi:10.14330/cwr.2019.5.1.01 fatcat:3u3smqhng5c63kdpjmpug6tkh4