Real World Efficacy and Tolerability of Acotiamide, in Relieving Mealrelated Symptoms of Functional Dyspepsia
Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System
Functional Dyspepsia (FD) is a highly prevalent clinical condition that imposes negative economic burden on health-care system as well as greatly impairs quality of life. Treatment of non-specific and bothersome meal-related FD symptoms like post-prandial fullness, upper abdominal bloating and early satiety, is a therapeutic challenge for the clinicians as poorly-defined and ill-understood pathogenesis has hampered efforts to develop effective treatments. Acotiamide is first-in-class drug that
... xerts its gastro-kinetic effect by enhancing acetylcholine release. Though evidence of its efficacy and tolerance are available through randomized clinical trials, real world data from its regular in-clinic use is lacking. Methodology: In this study, 314 FD patients with meal-related-symptoms, visiting 63 gastroenterology clinics across India, received Acotiamide 100 mg thrice daily for 4 weeks. These patients were retrospectively evaluated with a questionnaire to record patient's perception on improvement in the presenting symptoms, as well as tolerance to treatment. Results: It was observed that, complete relief or significant improvement from post prandial fullness, upper abdominal bloating and early satiety was achieved by 79.2%, 74.4%, and 77.1% patients respectively. (P<0.001 for all vs. no/slight improvement). Significantly more number of patients achieved complete relief when treated for >28 days or 14-28 days than when treated for less than 2 weeks (P<0.05). Adverse events were reported by 6% patients; mainly headache, nausea, vomiting, vertigo, burning sensation, palpitation, and epigastric pain, and were all mild and transient in nature. Conclusion: This real world study suggests that use of Acotiamide was associated with improvement of mealrelated FD symptoms with good safety profile.