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Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a hereditary disorder with abnormal cellular proliferation, fluid accumulation in numerous cysts, remodeling of extracellular matrix, inflammation, and fibrosis in the kidney and liver. The two major types of PKD show autosomal dominant (ADPKD) or autosomal recessive inheritance (ARPKD). ADPKD is one of the most common genetic diseases, with an incidence of 1:500-1,000. Approximately 50% of patients with ADPKD develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD) by the agedoi:10.1538/expanim.61.477 pmid:23095811 fatcat:je7t77enfrapzllurgxbrt6htq