A SUMMARY OF SOME LAND SURFACE AND WATER QUALITY MONITORING RESULTS FOR CONSTRUCTED GEOFLUV LANDFORMS
Journal American Society of Mining and Reclamation
Modern mining methods can drastically change landforms in the project area. Traditional reclamation grading methods often do not address all the criteria that must be met for the desired post-mining land use including water quality standards, in-stream uses, vegetation diversity and other reclamation criteria. Inability to meet or mitigate for these changes caused by the proposed reclamation landform can even stop mining activity from proceeding. A new, natural approach to landform grading
... ndform grading called GeoFluv TM (Bugosh, 2003) offers a cost-effective alternative for sustainable mineral development than can satisfy the reclamation criteria and is the heart of the Natural Regrade computer software module (Bugosh, 2006) . Monitoring results of land surfaces and storm water discharge quality, including runoff that meets NPDES discharge limits before reaching sediment treatment ponds, at constructed projects strongly support the effectiveness of the GeoFluv design method at meeting the reclamation criteria (NMED, 2007). The objective of this paper is to summarize subjective observations of reclamation landforms constructed according to the GeoFluv design and the related objective data from large projects over approximately a seven year period to provide a status report of the effectiveness of the method for minimizing erosion and meeting water quality goals.