Reading Epilepsy—An Interesting Case Report

Mohammed S. Hadi, Arjuna Rao, Sudhindra Vooturi, Sita Jayalakshmi
2020 International Journal of Epilepsy  
AbstractReading epilepsy is a language induced reflex epilepsy with common ictal manifestations of regional myoclonus. The electroencephalogram (EEG) often shows focal, regional, or generalized discharges, rarely there may not be any associated EEG changes. We report case of a 25-year-old male with three episodes of seizures, precipitated while reading a book. Reported semiology was stuttering while reading with jerking of tongue as perceived by the patient followed by generalized tonic–clonic
more » ... lized tonic–clonic seizures (GTCS). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain with 3 Tesla (3T) was normal. During videoelectroencephalogram (vEEG), reading precipitated recurrent stuttering each lasting for 1 to 2 seconds. Corresponding vEEG showed rhythmic 1/second symmetrical generalized spike and wave discharges lasting for 2 to 4 seconds during episodes of stuttering with intervening normal background activity, followed by generalized spike and wave discharges intermixed with artifacts recorded during secondary generalization. Patient was prescribed levetiracetam and responded well and is currently seizure-free for more than 6 years.
doi:10.1055/s-0040-1712772 fatcat:tcfcntq2zvffnmh43ou6uq5wxa