Linear Intensity-Based Image Registration
International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications
The accurate detection and localization of lesion within the prostate could greatly benefit in the planning of surgery and radiation therapy. Although T2 Weighted Imaging (T2WI) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) provides an infinite amount of anatomical information, which ease and improve diagnosis and patient treatment, however, modality specific image artifacts, such as the occurrences of intensity inhomogeneity are still obvious and can adversely affect quantitative image analysis.
... l high resolution T2WI has been restricted in this respect. On the contrary, Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) map has been seen as capable to tackle T2WI limitation when a functional assessment of the prostate capable to provide added value compared to T2WI alone. Likewise, it has been shown that diagnosis using ADC map combined with T2WI significantly outperforms T2WI alone. Therefore, to obtain high accuracy detection and localization, a combination of high-resolution anatomic and functional imaging is extremely important in clinical practice. This strategy relies on accurate intensity based image registration. However, registration of anatomical and functional MR imaging is really challenging due to missing correspondences and intensity inhomogeneity. To address this problem, this study researches the used of applying linear geometric transform to the corresponding point to accurately mapping the images for precise alignment and accurate detection. Transformation type is crucial for the success of image registration. The selection of transformation type is influenced by the type and severity of the geometric differences between corresponding images, the accuracy of the control point between images, its density and organization of the control points. A transformation type is selected to reflect geometric differences between two images in image registration. Often, the selection of the suitable transformation type for image registration is undeniably challenging. To make this selection as effective as possible, an experimental mechanism has to be carried out to determine its suitability. These transformations types are Affine, similarity, rigid and translation. Additionally, intensity based image registration is implemented to optimize the similarity metric mean square error through regular step gradient descent optimizer. Accuracies evaluation for each transformation type has been carried out through mean square error (MSE) and peak signal noise ratio (PSNR). The results have been presented in a chart form together with a comparison table.