Histamine-containing lung cell structures in certain forms of secondary tuberculosis

N. E. Gimaldinova, L. A. Lyubovtseva
2022 Journal of Anatomy and Histopathology  
The aim of research was to study the distribution of histamine in macrophages and mast cells of the lung structures in autopsy material in certain forms of secondary tuberculosis.Material and methods. The authors examined 165 cases of secondary pulmonary tuberculosis. The study included 500 histological specimens of male patients, aged 30 to 55 years, divided into 5 groups depending on the forms of secondary tuberculosis., The luminescent-histochemical method of Cross was used to determine the
more » ... ontent of histamine in the lung structures; the specimens were further exposed to re-staining with hematoxylin and eosin.Results. Histamine-containing specific alveolar and interstitial macrophages and mast cells were detected when studying autopsy material from the lungs of "nominally healthy" people. The highest content of histamine in the lung structures of this group was recorded in interstitial macrophages. In acute focal tuberculosis, there was an increased content of histamine in intra-alveolar and interstitial macrophages, with a simultaneous decrease of this bioamine in mast cells. In fibro-focal tuberculosis, the content of histamine exceeded the control parameters in all the studied cellular lung structures, with the highest content in mast cells. In infiltrative tuberculosis, there was detected an infiltrative luminescent track from lymphocytes together with the maximum luminescence of histamine. In acute cavernous and fibrous-cavernous tuberculosis, total degranulation of mast cells was observed. The content of the studied bioamine significantly decreased in interstitial macrophages compared to the control group.Conclusion. The study of small forms of secondary tuberculosis detected an increased concentration of histamine in intra-alveolar and interstitial macrophages. Its maximum accumulation in all cellular structures was registered in the infiltrative form of tuberculosis. In destructive forms of tuberculosis, histamine was detected only in macrophages, which appeared to be the regulatory link of specific inflammation. The literature data and the results obtained allow us to report on the influence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a corpuscular antigen that causes destruction of structures that produce and metabolize neuroamines in the lungs.
doi:10.18499/2225-7357-2022-11-1-28-35 fatcat:oa5yfe2qv5bf5f2elxt2fopfby